COMMON NAME: ARGAN TREE.
ORIGIN: SOUSS VALLEY, MOROCCO.
Originating along the Moroccan Atlantic south, this oleaginous
tree is unknown anywhere else on
the planet. A survivor from the tertiary era, it is a very resistant tree perfectly
adapted to poor soils.
A wild tree, it grows totally at the mercy of nature. Obstinate
and tenacious, the Argan tree
commands our respect and admiration. Its exceptional vitality allows it to survive
in a region
of the globe where temperatures can surpass
50° C (120°F), where annual rainfall is less
than 200 ml, where poor soil quality discourages all but the hardiest vegetation.
One of the last remparts against the ever-encroaching desert
areas of this arid geographic region, the thorny
Argan tree is a true blessing for the rural population that shares this harsh
habitat with the hardy tree.
Living on the borders of the Argan forest, they use it for heating
and lumber, as a source of food
Nevertheless it has been the foundation
of the Berbers' traditional agricultural system.
for their livestock and, above all, for the edible virgin Argan oil that is
extracted from its fruit.
The Argan forest consists of about 20 million trees and covers
800 000 hectares (1 976 000 acres).
Since 1998, a large part of it has been listed as a Biosphere reserve by the
Man And Biosphere
(M.A.B.) program of U.N.E.S.C.O. The Biosphere reserves are sites that receive
their seal from
their willingness to reconcile the protection of nature and human development.
They must respect a rational use of their natural resources and an ecological
their territory. These reserves provide a scientific base through which the
of interactions between man and his environment can be accomplished.
For thousands of years, this extraordinary oleaginous tree
has offered its bounty to
mankind. Unique in heritage and almost indestructible, the Argan tree will,
if we do not protect it more efficiently against its only true enemy: uncontrolled
growth with the overexploitation and the environmental degradation that results
Comptoir Argania: 95 bis, rue de Crimée - 75019 Paris
TEL.: +33 (0)1 42 02 50 15 - FAX: +33 (0)1 42 02 50 25
Argania, la Maison de l'Arganier
A registered trademark since 1997
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